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yum方式搭建LAMP环境(php7.2+mysql5.7)

admin linux服务 2021-03-24 220浏览 0


安装Apache


[root@localhost /]# yum install httpd httpd-devel


启动Apache


[root@localhost /]# systemctl start httpd


设置Apache开机启动


[root@localhost /]# systemctl enable httpd


Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/httpd.service to /usr/lib/systemd/system/httpd.service.

查看Apache状态


[root@localhost /]# systemctl status httpd

● httpd.service - The Apache HTTP Server

  Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/httpd.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled)

  Active: active (running) since 五 2017-07-21 17:21:37 CST; 6min ago

   Docs: man:httpd(8)

      man:apachectl(8)

 Main PID: 2449 (httpd)

  Status: "Total requests: 11; Current requests/sec: 0; Current traffic:  0 B/sec"

  CGroup: /system.slice/httpd.service

      ├─2449 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND

      ├─2450 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND

      ├─2451 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND

      ├─2452 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND

      ├─2453 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND

      ├─2454 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND

      ├─2493 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND

      ├─2494 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND

      └─2495 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND

 

7月 21 17:21:35 nmserver-7.test.com systemd[1]: Starting The Apache HTTP Server...

7月 21 17:21:36 nmserver-7.test.com httpd[2449]: AH00558: httpd: Could not reliably determine the server's fully q...ssage

7月 21 17:21:37 nmserver-7.test.com systemd[1]: Started The Apache HTTP Server.

Hint: Some lines were ellipsized, use -l to show in full.

防火墙开启80端口, 依此执行以下命令


[root@localhost /]# firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=http


success

[root@localhost /]# firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=https


success

[root@localhost /]# firewall-cmd --reload


success

查看80端口监听状态


[root@localhost /]# netstat -tulp


Active Internet connections (only servers)

Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address      Foreign Address     State    PID/Program name  

tcp    0   0 0.0.0.0:ssh       0.0.0.0:*        LISTEN   1084/sshd     

tcp    0   0 localhost:smtp     0.0.0.0:*        LISTEN   1486/master    

tcp6    0   0 [::]:ssh        [::]:*         LISTEN   1084/sshd     

tcp6    0   0 localhost:smtp     [::]:*         LISTEN   1486/master    

tcp6    0   0 [::]:http        [::]:*         LISTEN   2449/httpd    

udp    0   0 localhost:323      0.0.0.0:*              592/chronyd    

udp6    0   0 localhost:323      [::]:*               592/chronyd

查看服务器IP访问测试


安装mysql

https://mhsj.net/11.html



安装PHP(默认版本,如果需要安装新版本直接跳过,进入下段7.2的安装)


[root@localhost /]# yum -y install php

[root@localhost /]# rpm -ql php

/etc/httpd/conf.d/php.conf

/etc/httpd/conf.modules.d/10-php.conf

/usr/lib/httpd/modules/libphp5.so

/usr/share/httpd/icons/php.gif

/var/lib/php/session

将php与mysql关联起来


[root@localhost /]# yum install php-mysql

[root@localhost /]# rpm -ql php-mysql

/etc/php.d/mysql.ini

/etc/php.d/mysqli.ini

/etc/php.d/pdo_mysql.ini

/usr/lib/php/modules/mysql.so

/usr/lib/php/modules/mysqli.so

/usr/lib/php/modules/pdo_mysql.so

安装常用PHP模块


[root@localhost /]# yum install -y php-gd php-ldap php-odbc php-pear php-xml php-xmlrpc php-mbstring php-snmp php-soap curl curl-devel php-bcmath


测试PHP


[root@localhost /]# cd /var/www/html/

[root@localhost /]# ls

[root@localhost /]# pwd

/var/www/html

[root@localhost /]# vi info.php

 

<?php

    phpinfo();

?>

                                     

:wq

重启Apache

1

[root@localhost /]# systemctl restart httpd

测试PHP

在这里插入图片描述

更新PHP版本

首先查看是否有老版本


[root@localhost /]# yum list installed | grep php

移除老版本


[root@localhost /]# yum remove php.x86_64 php-cli.x86_64 php-common.x86_64 php-gd.x86_64 php-ldap.x86_64 php-mbstring.x86_64 php-mcrypt.x86_64 php-mysql.x86_64 php-pdo.x86_64


由于linux的yum源不存在php7.x,所以我们要更改yum源:


[root@localhost /]# rpm -Uvh https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-7.noarch.rpm


[root@localhost /]# rpm -Uvh https://mirror.webtatic.com/yum/el7/webtatic-release.rpm


查看yum源中有没有php7.x


[root@localhost /]# yum search php7

Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, langpacks

Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile

epel/x86_64/metalink                                                 | 5.9 kB 00:00:00   

 * base: mirrors.aliyun.com

 * epel: my.mirrors.thegigabit.com

 * extras: mirrors.cn99.com

 * updates: mirrors.163.com

 * webtatic: uk.repo.webtatic.com

epel                                                         | 5.4 kB 00:00:00   

webtatic                                                       | 3.6 kB 00:00:00   

(1/5): epel/x86_64/group_gz                                              | 90 kB 00:00:01   

(2/5): webtatic/x86_64/group_gz                                            | 448 B 00:00:04   

(3/5): epel/x86_64/primary_db                                             | 6.9 MB 00:00:06   

(4/5): epel/x86_64/updateinfo                                             | 1.0 MB 00:00:10   

(5/5): webtatic/x86_64/primary_db                                           | 232 kB 00:00:14   

============================================================= N/S matched: php7 =============================================================

mod_php71w.x86_64 : PHP module for the Apache HTTP Server

mod_php72w.x86_64 : PHP module for the Apache HTTP Server

php70w.x86_64 : PHP scripting language for creating dynamic web sites

php70w-bcmath.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications for using the bcmath library

php70w-cli.x86_64 : Command-line interface for PHP

php70w-common.x86_64 : Common files for PHP

php70w-dba.x86_64 : A database abstraction layer module for PHP applications

php70w-devel.x86_64 : Files needed for building PHP extensions

php70w-embedded.x86_64 : PHP library for embedding in applications

php70w-enchant.x86_64 : Enchant spelling extension for PHP applications

php70w-fpm.x86_64 : PHP FastCGI Process Manager

php70w-gd.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications for using the gd graphics library

php70w-imap.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use IMAP

php70w-interbase.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use Interbase/Firebird databases

php70w-intl.x86_64 : Internationalization extension for PHP applications

php70w-ldap.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use LDAP

php70w-mbstring.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications which need multi-byte string handling

php70w-mcrypt.x86_64 : Standard PHP module provides mcrypt library support

php70w-mysql.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use MySQL databases

php70w-mysqlnd.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use MySQL databases

php70w-odbc.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use ODBC databases

php70w-opcache.x86_64 : An opcode cache Zend extension

php70w-pdo.x86_64 : A database access abstraction module for PHP applications

php70w-pdo_dblib.x86_64 : MSSQL database module for PHP

php70w-pear.noarch : PHP Extension and Application Repository framework

php70w-pecl-apcu.x86_64 : APCu - APC User Cache

php70w-pecl-apcu-devel.x86_64 : APCu developer files (header)

php70w-pecl-geoip.x86_64 : Extension to map IP addresses to geographic places

php70w-pecl-igbinary.x86_64 : Replacement for the standard PHP serializer

php70w-pecl-igbinary-devel.x86_64 : Igbinary developer files (header)

php70w-pecl-imagick.x86_64 : Provides a wrapper to the ImageMagick library

php70w-pecl-imagick-devel.x86_64 : Imagick developer files (header)

php70w-pecl-memcached.x86_64 : Extension to work with the Memcached caching daemon

php70w-pecl-mongodb.x86_64 : PECL package MongoDB driver

php70w-pecl-redis.x86_64 : Extension for communicating with the Redis key-value store

php70w-pecl-xdebug.x86_64 : PECL package for debugging PHP scripts

php70w-pgsql.x86_64 : A PostgreSQL database module for PHP

php70w-phpdbg.x86_64 : Interactive PHP debugger

php70w-process.x86_64 : Modules for PHP script using system process interfaces

php70w-pspell.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications for using pspell interfaces

php70w-recode.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications for using the recode library

php70w-snmp.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that query SNMP-managed devices

php70w-soap.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use the SOAP protocol

php70w-tidy.x86_64 : Standard PHP module provides tidy library support

php70w-xml.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications which use XML

php70w-xmlrpc.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications which use the XML-RPC protocol

php71w-bcmath.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications for using the bcmath library

php71w-cli.x86_64 : Command-line interface for PHP

php71w-common.x86_64 : Common files for PHP

php71w-dba.x86_64 : A database abstraction layer module for PHP applications

php71w-devel.x86_64 : Files needed for building PHP extensions

php71w-embedded.x86_64 : PHP library for embedding in applications

php71w-enchant.x86_64 : Enchant spelling extension for PHP applications

php71w-fpm.x86_64 : PHP FastCGI Process Manager

php71w-gd.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications for using the gd graphics library

php71w-imap.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use IMAP

php71w-interbase.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use Interbase/Firebird databases

php71w-intl.x86_64 : Internationalization extension for PHP applications

php71w-ldap.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use LDAP

php71w-mbstring.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications which need multi-byte string handling

php71w-mcrypt.x86_64 : Standard PHP module provides mcrypt library support

php71w-mysql.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use MySQL databases

php71w-mysqlnd.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use MySQL databases

php71w-odbc.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use ODBC databases

php71w-opcache.x86_64 : An opcode cache Zend extension

php71w-pdo.x86_64 : A database access abstraction module for PHP applications

php71w-pdo_dblib.x86_64 : MSSQL database module for PHP

php71w-pear.noarch : PHP Extension and Application Repository framework

php71w-pecl-apcu.x86_64 : APCu - APC User Cache

php71w-pecl-apcu-devel.x86_64 : APCu developer files (header)

php71w-pecl-geoip.x86_64 : Extension to map IP addresses to geographic places

php71w-pecl-igbinary.x86_64 : Replacement for the standard PHP serializer

php71w-pecl-igbinary-devel.x86_64 : Igbinary developer files (header)

php71w-pecl-imagick.x86_64 : Provides a wrapper to the ImageMagick library

php71w-pecl-imagick-devel.x86_64 : Imagick developer files (header)

php71w-pecl-memcached.x86_64 : Extension to work with the Memcached caching daemon

php71w-pecl-mongodb.x86_64 : PECL package MongoDB driver

php71w-pecl-redis.x86_64 : Extension for communicating with the Redis key-value store

php71w-pecl-xdebug.x86_64 : PECL package for debugging PHP scripts

php71w-pgsql.x86_64 : A PostgreSQL database module for PHP

php71w-phpdbg.x86_64 : Interactive PHP debugger

php71w-process.x86_64 : Modules for PHP script using system process interfaces

php71w-pspell.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications for using pspell interfaces

php71w-recode.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications for using the recode library

php71w-snmp.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that query SNMP-managed devices

php71w-soap.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use the SOAP protocol

php71w-tidy.x86_64 : Standard PHP module provides tidy library support

php71w-xml.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications which use XML

php71w-xmlrpc.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications which use the XML-RPC protocol

php72w-bcmath.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications for using the bcmath library

php72w-cli.x86_64 : Command-line interface for PHP

php72w-common.x86_64 : Common files for PHP

php72w-dba.x86_64 : A database abstraction layer module for PHP applications

php72w-devel.x86_64 : Files needed for building PHP extensions

php72w-embedded.x86_64 : PHP library for embedding in applications

php72w-enchant.x86_64 : Enchant spelling extension for PHP applications

php72w-fpm.x86_64 : PHP FastCGI Process Manager

php72w-gd.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications for using the gd graphics library

php72w-imap.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use IMAP

php72w-interbase.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use Interbase/Firebird databases

php72w-intl.x86_64 : Internationalization extension for PHP applications

php72w-ldap.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use LDAP

php72w-mbstring.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications which need multi-byte string handling

php72w-mysql.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use MySQL databases

php72w-mysqlnd.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use MySQL databases

php72w-odbc.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use ODBC databases

php72w-opcache.x86_64 : An opcode cache Zend extension

php72w-pdo.x86_64 : A database access abstraction module for PHP applications

php72w-pdo_dblib.x86_64 : MSSQL database module for PHP

php72w-pear.noarch : PHP Extension and Application Repository framework

php72w-pecl-apcu.x86_64 : APCu - APC User Cache

php72w-pecl-apcu-devel.x86_64 : APCu developer files (header)

php72w-pecl-geoip.x86_64 : Extension to map IP addresses to geographic places

php72w-pecl-igbinary.x86_64 : Replacement for the standard PHP serializer

php72w-pecl-igbinary-devel.x86_64 : Igbinary developer files (header)

php72w-pecl-imagick.x86_64 : Provides a wrapper to the ImageMagick library

php72w-pecl-imagick-devel.x86_64 : Imagick developer files (header)

php72w-pecl-libsodium.x86_64 : Wrapper for the Sodium cryptographic library

php72w-pecl-memcached.x86_64 : Extension to work with the Memcached caching daemon

php72w-pecl-mongodb.x86_64 : PECL package MongoDB driver

php72w-pecl-redis.x86_64 : Extension for communicating with the Redis key-value store

php72w-pecl-xdebug.x86_64 : PECL package for debugging PHP scripts

php72w-pgsql.x86_64 : A PostgreSQL database module for PHP

php72w-phpdbg.x86_64 : Interactive PHP debugger

php72w-process.x86_64 : Modules for PHP script using system process interfaces

php72w-pspell.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications for using pspell interfaces

php72w-recode.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications for using the recode library

php72w-snmp.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that query SNMP-managed devices

php72w-soap.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use the SOAP protocol

php72w-sodium.x86_64 : Wrapper for the Sodium cryptographic library

php72w-tidy.x86_64 : Standard PHP module provides tidy library support

php72w-xml.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications which use XML

php72w-xmlrpc.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications which use the XML-RPC protocol

 

 Name and summary matches only, use "search all" for everything.

yum 安装php72w和各种拓展,选自己需要的即可:


[root@localhost /]# yum -y install php72w php72w-cli php72w-common php72w-devel php72w-embedded php72w-fpm php72w-gd php72w-mbstring php72w-mysqlnd php72w-opcache php72w-pdo php72w-xml php72w-pear


完成安装 , 查看PHP版本


[root@localhost /]# php -v

重启服务器

[root@localhost /]# systemctl restart httpd




配置基于域名的虚拟目录

[root@izbp12zb75enffud6s9axqz conf.d]# ls

autoindex.conf  php.conf  README  userdir.conf  welcome.conf  www.test.conf

[root@izbp12zb75enffud6s9axqz conf.d]# cat www.test.conf 

<VirtualHost *:80>

    ServerName www.test.com

    DocumentRoot "/var/www/html/"

    DirectoryIndex index.html index.htm index.php

    <Directory />

     AllowOverride All

     Order deny,allow

     allow from all

    </Directory>

</VirtualHost>


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